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Sources and routes of African mercenaries to Sudan (2) | opinions

Within the earlier episode, we lined introductions to the phenomenon of migrant peoples in sub-Saharan Africa, the rising phenomenon of mercenaries on this a part of Africa, and the primary components that created these teams, together with post-war wars. independence of the nations on this lengthy strip within the second half of the final century, and the political and safety turmoil of the final fifty years, and the position of political propaganda for Gaddafi's Libya and his assist for the so-called revolutionary actions and opposition in African nations, the place Gaddafi discovered fertile floor wherein to train his political hobbies and indulgences within the issues of the poorest nations and people richest in untapped pure sources.

We have now talked about a side of the hotbeds of recruitment and the areas of mass and congregational flows of mercenaries within the states of Chad and Niger, the place there are frequent denominators between these two nations, particularly the intertwining of the inhabitants represented in each nations by frequent tribes (Tabu, Qaraan, Kalambo, Bornu, Arabs, Mahamid, Fulani, Hausa) Tribal overlaps additionally for identical tribes in different nations, like Libya, Mali and Nigeria along with Tuareg .

We proceed right here as a part of the seek for crucial areas of exercise within the north of Niger, Mali and Nigeria, that are the next:

North Niger

In additional element than what we talked about within the earlier episode, the north of Niger is just like the delicate underbelly of this nation, though it's an arid desert, from the place teams of mercenaries as soon as left for Libya or Chad, and in it the Nigeriens. opposition and rebel actions have arisen, particularly these belonging to the Tuareg, which after all have extensions in northern Mali.

First: the Agadez area

It's situated within the north of Niger, and extends north to the Libyan and Algerian borders, and west to the border with the Republic of Mali, along with the earlier exercise of armed teams earlier than the signing of the peace agreements on the finish of the nineties of the final century.

There at the moment are actions of native teams that the Nigerien authorities alone can't monitor, observe and management, and a few of these teams are gangs that left Libya after the United Nations settlement with the events to the disaster Libya stipulated the exit of all international militants from Libya, and a few of these teams are Tuaregs, Taboos, Fulani and different tribes, and crucial of those teams:

  1. Stays of the Revolutionary Forces for the Desert (FARS -FARS) / Tuareg.
  2. Motion of the Nationwide Youth Entrance of Northern Niger (MNJ).

On this area, facilities of recruitment and mobilization are distributed within the gold-bearing basins that are:

  1. Pill space, situated north of town of Agadez (40 km).
  2. Amzgar area (250 km).

Second: Northeast of Agadez

Neighborhood “Tebra Caten” Ali

Third: The Niger-Algeria border

Taarabt area within the border triangle between Niger, Mali and Algeria.

Fourth: The western area on the borders of Niger and Burkina Faso

Teraguete area, western Niger.

We all know that the north of Niger is the world of ​​uranium extraction, and there are French corporations working there in addition to Chinese language corporations working within the oil discipline.

Boko Haram exercise

Boko Haram exercise will not be restricted solely to northeast Nigeria, as there are quite a few states inside Niger and provinces of Nigeria and the periphery of Chad in which there's exercise of the motion, together with the position diminished significantly after the coordination of the struggle in opposition to him after Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon reached a standard settlement to struggle this motion, and the remnants of this motion had been distributed to gangs which would not have nothing to do with the ideological or spiritual situation, and even native points, and dedicate Boko Haram members to cross-border army mercenaries, and a few of them have infiltrated to recruit into the ranks of the Fast Assist Forces .

Recruitment Hotspots in Mali

Within the north of the Republic of Mali, there are extremist actions which characterize a middle of recruitment operations for the Tuaregs and Fulanis who're current on this area which extends north to the borders of Algeria within the Islamic Maghreb. .

Nonetheless, there are teams of former combatants as mercenaries who had been in Libya and who belonged to the northern areas of the Republic of Mali. After Libya, they turned concerned in civil and legal mining actions, and have become bandits or organized gangs that crossed borders, and they're topic to recruitment by sure events collaborating with Khalifa Haftar in Libya and fast assist. It's stated that events in a Gulf nation finance one of these recruitment of mercenaries.

These teams are situated within the following areas:

  1. Kidal Area: It's situated in the course of the monetary desert within the northeast and borders Niger and Algeria, from the place paths and roads depart to southwestern Libya, northern Niger and Chad. .
  2. The town of Gao: the place the extremist Islamic organizations that appeal to younger persons are stationed, it's a medium-sized metropolis situated on the banks of the Niger River in northeastern Mali.
  3. Osungou area, northern Mali.
  4. Areas across the historic capital (Timbuktu).
  5. Northwestern areas of Mali.

These areas of northern Mali are distinguished by the truth that they don't seem to be topic to state authority and that there are extremist actions labeled as terrorists, and there are army operations of the military Algeria, and prior to now there was French air cowl along with forces from a number of nations engaged on the bottom to comply with these actions.

As well as, there are conventional gold mining areas within the north (Taudeni, Gao, Bassin de Mesna, Bassin de Medene – within the far northeast), and there are areas in central Mali.

With the unfold of civilian mining, the recruitment of mercenaries takes place in these areas, most of whom are Tuareg.

Mauritanian mercenaries

To be exact, there are not any teams of mercenaries leaving Mauritania for Sudan, apart from teams that belonged to Al-Qaeda within the Maghreb nations or to the Tawhid and Jihad and Ansar Allah organizations within the northern Mali, however because of the presence of tribes of individuals from Mauritania (Al-Hasaniya, Bani Chinguetti) in Niger and elements of Chad It's seemingly that these people will be part of mercenary gangs and go seeking cash and weapons.

Burkina Faso, Senegal and the remainder of West Africa

There are solely people with out a clear group belonging to the Fulani and Hausa tribes, who recruited as mercenaries in Libya, and a few of them returned in 2021 to their unique homeland, they usually might get entangled in doable conflicts if paths and temptations are supplied to them. go east to Sudan or every other nation.

Mercenary Trails

  1. The paths from Chad instantly take a number of land routes, crucial of that are the standard land routes passing by way of the border crossings or the nomadic corridors and their conventional paths, which move by way of the governorates of (Umm Al-Timan – the borders of Sudan's West Darfur State) (a street from the Wadi area and Aceh metropolis to the Adri area after which to West Darfur State, Sudan) (a street to the north on the sting of the Chadian desert then from the Sudanese desert North Darfur state) (a path from southeastern Chad by way of central Africa) (a path from the Northern Triangle by way of the desert from northern Chad to the far north of Sudan alongside Wadi Howr).
  2. The primary street from Niger, Mali and the remainder of West Africa runs by way of southern Libya by way of the Tibesti Mountains and the areas of Tebu and Ouzou. It's a desert hall that crosses the Sahara Desert to the border with Sudan.

We proceed to the third episode


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