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Turkey and Libya … The post-electoral period | opinions

With out official and concerted announcement and with tacit settlement between the completely different events, the Libyan presidential elections which have been to be held on December 24 have been postponed or canceled.

The top of the Excessive Electoral Fee dissolved the electoral commissions from the fee's places of work, and the fee proposed to postpone the polling date to January 24, in coordination with the Home of Representatives.

Regardless of worldwide requires presidential and legislative elections to be held as quickly as attainable, the traits of the following section weren't clear till the time of writing, that means the nation has entered a brand new section. with its personal traits, and it is probably not simply an extension of the present section which is intently adopted by numerous events, particularly Turkey.

These drones performed a number one position within the breaking of the siege of Tripoli and the defeat of the forces of Main Basic Khalifa Haftar, then the elimination of the latter from the western areas of the nation and pursuing them in direction of the east, till in Sirte, the place Al- Wefaq's forces halted as a result of direct Russian intervention on the time.

turkish position

The primary traits of the Turkish position in Libya have been underlined by two necessary agreements, particularly the settlement of delimitation of maritime borders defining the unique financial zones between Turkey and Libya and the memorandum of safety and navy cooperation, which Ankara has signed with the Libyan authorities nationwide authorities. Settlement in November 2019.

Later, on the official request of the federal government of nationwide accord led by Fayez al-Sarraj, and on the idea of the aforementioned memorandum of understanding, Turkey despatched a symbolic navy pressure to Libya whose mission was to coach and coordinate between teams affiliated with the federal government of the Nationwide Accord, in addition to the decisive position performed by Turkish drones within the battle straight.

These drones performed a number one position within the breaking of the siege of Tripoli and the defeat of the forces of Main Basic Khalifa Haftar, then the elimination of the latter from the western areas of the nation and pursuing them in direction of the east, till in Sirte, the place Al- Wefaq's forces halted as a result of direct Russian intervention on the time.

A very powerful results of the Turkish intervention in Libya has been the conviction of most native, regional and worldwide events that it's inconceivable to resolve the issues militarily and the necessity to return to a political answer, which has resulted in an amazing enhance to worldwide and worldwide cooperation. efforts.

The tempo of the political course accelerated from a number of worldwide conferences from Moscow to Berlin by way of Paris, and crystallized within the nationwide dialogue then the election of a brand new presidential council and a authorities of nationwide union, in a transitional section which was to finish with legislative elections within the nation on the finish of 2021.

Throughout this era, relations grew to become increasingly more stable between Libya and Turkey, the one nation that supported the federal government of nationwide unity and continued to assist the federal government of nationwide unity.

Visits between the 2 sides have been frequent at diplomatic, safety and navy ranges, and the 2 international locations shaped the Supreme Council for Strategic Cooperation and signed a number of agreements and memoranda of understanding inside it.

Within the fingers of all this, Ankara has repeatedly reiterated its assist for the political observe and the holding of the elections on time, and has expressed its willingness to offer attainable assist and help on this context. Certainly, she participated within the Paris convention, which was held particularly to assist the electoral course of, although it was organized by France, and that's its current sworn enemy. The Libyan query didn't want a further convention at the moment, in response to President Erdogan's phrases.

Traits of a brand new stage

There was an undeclared understanding of suspending or canceling the elections, as they lacked a constitutional foundation, in addition to the battle of powers between the establishments and the numerous issues related to the presidential candidates.

This settlement bypassed the Libyans and reached regional and worldwide events concerned in and within the disaster. US particular envoy to Libya Richard Nolan stated “there aren't any technical obstacles to holding the elections, however political and authorized obstacles,” equally to justifying the postponement or to him. give the inexperienced gentle.

And even though Stéphanie Williams, Particular Advisor to the Secretary-Basic of the United Nations on Libya, has confused the necessity to “maintain presidential and legislative elections in applicable circumstances”, and regardless of the five-year declaration signed by america, France, Germany, Nice Britain and Italy {that a} “new date” have to be shortly set for the presidential and legislative elections, the following step continues to be not clear.

And since the texts and agreements referring to the transition interval are neither clear nor decisive with regard to the present scenario, and since the political and constitutional obstacles are usually not straightforward to resolve and to bypass, it's not clear whether or not the nation is transferring in direction of suspending and organizing the presidential elections quickly, or submitting legislative elections to them, or submitting the drafting of a structure For the nation on each, or a return to a brand new nationwide dialogue, or d ‘different situations.

For Turkey, as a rustic concerned within the Libyan disaster and subjected to robust pressures to withdraw its forces (current in symbolic numbers) from Libyan lands, it's on the brink of the brand new stage of the Libyan disaster with virtually determinants. clear.

Within the first place, Turkey appears very and anxious about stability in Libya, not solely in favor of a pleasant and neighboring (naval) nation, but in addition due to its geostrategic significance for it. afford the posh of shedding Libya or shedding there, and mainly he doesn't need any interference within the two agreements signed with the nationwide unity authorities, particularly because the unity authorities which manages the transitional section doesn't have the ability to rescind or modify any earlier settlement on it.

As well as, Ankara is eager on the soundness and continuity of the political observe, and doesn't regress in direction of tensions, options on the bottom, and navy tracks which might open the door to catastrophic situations, and the alternatives are plain to see. skinny means. and navy cooperation with the federal government of nationwide unity sends implicit messages that it's prepared for such choices.

Ankara can also be very eager to cooperate with the Libyan authorities, and to develop this cooperation throughout the framework of the Supreme Council of Strategic Cooperation, and doesn't see extending the transition interval by suspending or canceling the conflicting elections on this situation, as a result of the federal government of nationwide unity will stay to conduct enterprise till the handover of the New authorities after the long run elections.

Ankara additionally rejects any demand to go away Libya earlier than the holding of common elections in all Libyan territories, and that these be free and honest elections acknowledged by all Libyans, and a brand new section begins with it. , in order that Turkey will take care of the brand new Libyan authorities.

Briefly, throughout this extended transition interval, Turkey doesn't desire a radical change in its presence and position in Libya, however quite needs to develop relations with the latter in numerous fields.

In all this, they hope that any future president or authorities will respect its position and contribution to the soundness of the scenario in Libya, its assist for its professional authorities and the pursuits arising from the agreements signed with it, in addition to the long run prospects of those relations, which can encourage them to take further optimistic steps in direction of Ankara and to deepen and consolidate increasingly more their relations with it. .

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