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With the continuation of its navy operations towards the PKK… What are Turkey’s plans in northern Iraq? | Coverage


Turkey bases its navy operations in northern Iraq on the ‘Ankara Settlement' which it signed with Britain and the Kingdom of Iraq in 1926 to settle its dispute with them over sovereignty over the Wilaya of Mosul.

Baghdad– The choice of the safety zone in northern Iraq has emerged on the forefront of the discussions as one of many options provided to Turkey to confront the PKK fighters, particularly after the latest navy operation “Lock the Claw” which she launched to safe various vital and delicate areas for it.

Turkish media reported that the one purpose set by Ankara for its ongoing navy operation is to clear what it describes because the terrorist hall in Zap, Matina and Avashin Bassian, and to ascertain a secure zone, whereas the American web site Al-Monitor declared that “Turkey seeks to ascertain safety zones within the north of Iraq, to ​​stop the PKK from finishing up operations on its territory.

On this local weather, no express Turkish place has been issued regarding this path, however analysts and observers communicate of it inside the framework of the Turkish imaginative and prescient of discovering a everlasting resolution to the PKK query, particularly with the “profitable” expertise. of Turkey in northern Syria, regardless of the completely different circumstances and causes.

Mohamed Zangana - Al Jazeera Net
Zangana: Turkey's deliberate secure zone can be troublesome for Iraq, Iran and even the US aspect to digest (Al-Jazeera)

troublesome to digest

Nonetheless, this notion is surrounded by many difficulties. Other than the rejection of influential Iraqi political blocs, the Kurdistan Area of Iraq, Turkey's most vital ally, appeared involved about this route, on condition that the scope of this area could be the villages and areas of the area. if it was really applied.

On this context, a member of the Democratic Social gathering of Kurdistan, Muhammad Zangana, stated that the safety zone deliberate by Turkey can be troublesome to digest, particularly for Iraq and Iran, and even the American aspect, for a number of concerns. ; Specifically, Iran is strengthening the PKK towards the nations of the area, along with this, this area will additional complicate the scenario, particularly since Turkey doesn't depart the areas below its management.

Zangana believes, throughout his speech to Al-Jazeera Web, that this path will be changed by the plan offered by the President of the Kurdistan Area of Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani in 2008, which features a quadripartite settlement, with the participation of america, Turkey and the Iraqi federal authorities, in addition to the federal government of Iraqi Kurdistan, and offers for the withdrawal of PKK parts from Iraq, and a complete reconciliation in Turkey, along with a radical resolution to the query of their permanence. He asserts that “the confrontation with the PKK should be political and are available from inside Turkey”.

Turkish navy operations continuously arouse controversy in Iraqi political and native circles, as a violation of the nation's sovereignty, whereas the federal government of Baghdad, in addition to the regional authorities, categorical their concern about these navy operations, qualifying them as “violation of Iraqi sovereignty and a risk to Iraqi nationwide safety.”

Regardless of Turkey's institution of a secure zone in northern Syria, the Iraqi scenario differs by way of the absence of displaced folks to welcome them on this area, as occurred with the Syrians, however with the deadlock of the Kurdistan Staff' Social gathering and the extended battle with Turkey, this path could make this path a actuality, in mild of the precarious worldwide and regional modifications In direction of the settlement of disputes and the zeroing of inter-problems.

Fadel Abu Ragheef Al Jazeera Net
Abu Ragheef: Secure Zone path not an possibility for Iraqi leaders (Al-Jazeera)

Iraqi stance

A safety professional near Iraqi navy circles, Fadel Abu Ragheef, says that the talk on the dedication of the Iraqi and Turkish sides to ascertain a (secure) buffer zone is just not on the agenda of the military command Iraqi, like every Iraqi- The Turkish negotiation is predicated within the Iraqi spirit on the necessity to evacuate these forces, which the Iraqi navy management insists on.

Abu Ragheef believes, throughout his speech to Al-Jazeera Web, that the trail of the secure zone is just not an possibility for the Iraqi leaders, however that there are additionally plans to cope with the PKK; Both cope with him in a politically pragmatic solution to finish the disaster, and power him to not take Iraqi lands as a place to begin or aggression towards any nation, particularly Turkey, or depart the nation.

On this context, a navy adviser from the Iraqi Nationwide Safety Adviser confirms: “The studies circulating on the difficulty of the secure zone should not primarily based on details on the bottom. Iraq is a democratic system and enjoys full sovereignty over its lands, and if there's certainly an issue in some components, our imaginative and prescient for an answer is obvious, and we're in fixed dialogue with the Turkish aspect.”

The navy adviser, who declined to be named, provides to Al Jazeera Web, that “the strategy to the secure zone is way from the bottom, however the brand new actions, whether or not on the Turkish aspect and even the Iraqi navy operations underway in Sinjar, are topic to worldwide and regional variables, a few of that are linked to the gasoline file which was broken following the Russian-Ukrainian struggle.

It's outstanding that the Iraqi military launched a navy operation just a few days in the past towards the PKK within the Sinjar district of Nineveh governorate, and the forces loyal to it there, often known as “Yabsha”. , which is the largest armed confrontation in years, when it appeared a severe choice by Baghdad, to keep away from situations that is probably not in its favor.

story of battle

The world by which the newest Turkish operation was launched is of nice significance, as it's a strategic land hall for the PKK in direction of Turkey. Its nature can be advanced, with the presence of caves and fortifications; This requires – in keeping with specialists – a everlasting navy presence on the spot to safe it after having managed it.

In its ongoing navy operations in northern Iraq, Turkey depends on the “Ankara Settlement” it signed with Britain and the Kingdom of Iraq in 1926 to settle its dispute with them on sovereignty over the state of Mosul in northern Iraq, the border between the 2 nations was drawn.

However Ankara says the treaty features a key clause to deal with its nationwide safety threats from northern Iraq, and Turkish politicians continuously check with the deal as authorizing navy intervention in northern Iraq to stop any risk to their nation's nationwide safety coming from there. .

The PKK, which Ankara and its Western allies name a “terrorist” group, has been waging an insurgency towards the Turkish state since 1984.



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